History c. 1831-1844, Ohio, Missouri, And Nauvoo Periods
"This article focuses first on the Church in
northeastern Ohio, where Kirtland served as Church headquarters, and in western Missouri.
By 1839 the focus shifts to western Illinois, with Nauvoo the new headquarters city."
"Nauvoo, Illinois, headquarters of the
Church and home for many of its members from 1839 to 1846, began and ended as a community
"A military order signed by Missouri Governor Lilburn W. Boggs on
October 27, 1838, directed that the Mormons be driven from the state or exterminated."
Haun's Mill Massacre
"On October 30, 1838, segments of the Missouri militia attacked a
settlement of Latter-day Saints at Jacob Haun's mill, located on Shoal Creek in eastern
Caldwell County, Missouri. Because the attack was unprovoked in a time of truce, had no
specific authorization, and was made by a vastly superior force with unusual brutality, it
has come to be known as "The Haun's Mill Massacre."
Far West, Missouri
"Far West is important to LDS history because that is where the
following happened: (1) a temple site was dedicated and the cornerstones laid; (2) seven
revelations now published in the Doctrine and Covenants (113, 114, 115, 117, 118, 119,
120) were received; (3) Joseph F. Smith, sixth president of the Church, was born (November
13, 1838); (4) the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles officially left from for a mission to
Great Britain; (5) a stake of Zion was organized; (6) Joseph Smith and his family lived
(beginning March 14, 1838); (7) and for a short time the headquarters of the Church was
"The introduction of Freemasonry in Nauvoo had
both political and religious implications. When Illinois Grand Master Abraham Jonas
visited Nauvoo on March 15, 1842, to install the Nauvoo Masonic Lodge, he inaugurated an
era of difficulty with other Illinois Masons and introduced to Nauvoo ancient ritual
bearing some similarity to the LDS temple ordinances (see Freemasonry and the Temple)."
"Political power played an important
role both in the development of the LDS community in Illinois and in its demise. The
political situation was complex, inviting rivalry and controversy."
"By legislation signed into law on December 16,
1840, the Illinois General Assembly granted corporate city status to Nauvoo."
"Nauvoo, for seven years the headquarters of
the Church, was a river city with an agricultural hinterland set amid a preestablished,
second-generation frontier society of non-Mormons."
"The Nauvoo Temple,
its tower and spire visible from a distance of twenty miles, was the principal structure
in the city of Nauvoo. Facing west, it stood on the summit of a gently sloping bluff
overlooking the lower part of the city and the Mississippi River."
"A revelation to
Joseph Smith in January 1841 commanded the Saints to build both the Nauvoo Temple and the
Nauvoo House, a hotel that would be "a delightful habitation for man, and a resting
place for the weary traveler" (D&C 124:60)."
legislative act of December 1840 that incorporated the city of Nauvoo also authorized
creation of a military body or militia that came to be known as the Nauvoo Legion."
"The Nauvoo Neighbor
was a weekly newspaper published and edited by John Taylor in Nauvoo, Illinois, from May
3, 1843, through October 29, 1845."
Nauvoo Expositor"The Nauvoo Expositor was the newspaper voice of apostates determined to
destroy the Prophet Joseph Smith and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in
the spring of 1844."
of the Twelve to the British Isles
"Between 1837 and 1841 there were two apostolic missions to the
The Evening and
The Morning Star
"The Evening and The Morning Star was the first newspaper of The
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It was published in fourteen eight-paged,
double-columned monthly issues in Independence, Missouri, from June 1832 to July 1833."