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Church History c. 1831-1844, Ohio, Missouri, And Nauvoo Periods

Church History c. 1831-1844, Ohio, Missouri, And Nauvoo Periods
"This article focuses first on the Church in northeastern Ohio, where Kirtland served as Church headquarters, and in western Missouri. By 1839 the focus shifts to western Illinois, with Nauvoo the new headquarters city."

Nauvoo, Illinois, headquarters of the Church and home for many of its members from 1839 to 1846, began and ended as a community in exile."

Extermination Order
"A military order signed by Missouri Governor Lilburn W. Boggs on October 27, 1838, directed that the Mormons be driven from the state or exterminated."

Haun's Mill Massacre
"On October 30, 1838, segments of the Missouri militia attacked a settlement of Latter-day Saints at Jacob Haun's mill, located on Shoal Creek in eastern Caldwell County, Missouri. Because the attack was unprovoked in a time of truce, had no specific authorization, and was made by a vastly superior force with unusual brutality, it has come to be known as "The Haun's Mill Massacre."

Far West, Missouri
"Far West is important to LDS history because that is where the following happened: (1) a temple site was dedicated and the cornerstones laid; (2) seven revelations now published in the Doctrine and Covenants (113, 114, 115, 117, 118, 119, 120) were received; (3) Joseph F. Smith, sixth president of the Church, was born (November 13, 1838); (4) the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles officially left from for a mission to Great Britain; (5) a stake of Zion was organized; (6) Joseph Smith and his family lived (beginning March 14, 1838); (7) and for a short time the headquarters of the Church was located."

Freemasonry in Nauvoo
"The introduction of Freemasonry in Nauvoo had both political and religious implications. When Illinois Grand Master Abraham Jonas visited Nauvoo on March 15, 1842, to install the Nauvoo Masonic Lodge, he inaugurated an era of difficulty with other Illinois Masons and introduced to Nauvoo ancient ritual bearing some similarity to the LDS temple ordinances (see Freemasonry and the Temple)."

Nauvoo Politics
Political power played an important role both in the development of the LDS community in Illinois and in its demise. The political situation was complex, inviting rivalry and controversy."

Nauvoo Charter
"By legislation signed into law on December 16, 1840, the Illinois General Assembly granted corporate city status to Nauvoo."

Nauvoo Economy
"Nauvoo, for seven years the headquarters of the Church, was a river city with an agricultural hinterland set amid a preestablished, second-generation frontier society of non-Mormons."

Nauvoo Temple
The Nauvoo Temple, its tower and spire visible from a distance of twenty miles, was the principal structure in the city of Nauvoo. Facing west, it stood on the summit of a gently sloping bluff overlooking the lower part of the city and the Mississippi River."

Nauvoo House
A revelation to Joseph Smith in January 1841 commanded the Saints to build both the Nauvoo Temple and the Nauvoo House, a hotel that would be "a delightful habitation for man, and a resting place for the weary traveler" (D&C 124:60)."

Nauvoo Legion
The Illinois legislative act of December 1840 that incorporated the city of Nauvoo also authorized creation of a military body or militia that came to be known as the Nauvoo Legion."

Nauvoo Neighbor
"The Nauvoo Neighbor was a weekly newspaper published and edited by John Taylor in Nauvoo, Illinois, from May 3, 1843, through October 29, 1845."

Nauvoo Expositor"The Nauvoo Expositor was the newspaper voice of apostates determined to destroy the Prophet Joseph Smith and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in the spring of 1844."

Missions of the Twelve to the British Isles
"Between 1837 and 1841 there were two apostolic missions to the British Isles."

The Evening and The Morning Star
"The Evening and The Morning Star was the first newspaper of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It was published in fourteen eight-paged, double-columned monthly issues in Independence, Missouri, from June 1832 to July 1833."

(See Daily Living home page; Church History home page)

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